Name Parties Progress Actions
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania 8
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Argentina 15
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia 6
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria 5
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ Belarus 11
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium 19
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด Bolivia 5
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina 8
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil 15
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria 13
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada 7
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Chile 10
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Colombia 12
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ท Costa Rica 10
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia 13
Cyprus 8
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech Republic 11
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark 16
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด Dominican Republic 4
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Ecuador 11
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ป El Salvador 6
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia 10
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ European Union 17
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland 14
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France 10
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany 11
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece 5
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡น Guatemala 11
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ Honduras 6
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary 15
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland 10
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland 11
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Israel 14
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy 29
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan 13
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia 7
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania 15
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg 7
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Macedonia 17
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta 3
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexico 9
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova 18
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands 17
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand 9
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Nicaragua 8
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway 14
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ Panama 8
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พ Paraguay 7
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Peru 11
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland 10
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal 13
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania 8
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia 6
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia 14
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia 16
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia 11
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain 9
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden 8
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland 10
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Turkey 11
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine 6
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom 16
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States 2
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ Uruguay 6
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช Venezuela 10

Information

expert survey // ideology (mainly Europe, 1992โ€“2009)

all dataset (all) — datasets linked through Party Facts

first imported on 7 March 2020 and last updated on 12 March 2021

Reference

Benoit, Kenneth, Michael Laver and collaborators. 2009. Party Policy in Modern Democracies: Various Expert Surveys (1992โ€“2009). [unpublished aggregated dataset]

Import "readme.txt"

PPMD all

Source

Benoit, Kenneth, Michael Laver and collaborators. 2009. Party Policy in Modern Democracies: Various Expert Surveys (1992โ€“2009). [unpublished aggregated dataset]

Comment

Aggregated dataset of PPMD expert surveys (1992โ€“2009) including Laver and Hunt (1992), Benoit and Laver (2006), Wiesehomeier and Benoit (2009) as well as some unpublished datasets.

Data provided by Kenneth Benoit.

See also individual datasets in Party Facts with dataset keys laverhunt, ppmd, ppla.