# Name Years Size # Links
AP 1994–1995 33.0% 4
AD 1994–1994 5.8% 8
AN 1994–2009 12.0% 26
ASM 2004–2006 1.2% 3
Art since 2017 1.3% 2
ANI 1910–1923 19.1% 1
BN 1948–1948 3.8% 2
CdL 2000–2008 30.8% 8
CPI since 2003 1.0% 3
CpE since 2017 0.5% 2
CCD 1994–2001 4.6% 14
CCDCDU 1996–2002 3.2% 10
CD since 2013 0.5% 6
CP since 2017 0.5% 3
CCD since 2008 47.6% 3
CLC since 1995 38.8% 3
CDU 1996–2001 2.9% 5
DS 1998–2007 16.1% 22
DC 1946–1992 48.5% 24
DCA 2005–2009 2
DL M 2000–2007 14.5% 21
DE 2001–2001 2.4% 11
DP 1978–1991 1.7% 16
Destra 1849–1913 64.1% 5
FLeft 1867–1904 26.3% 3
FIC 1919–1921 19.1% 1
FdV since 1987 2.8% 29
FiD 2013–2015 1.1% 6
MSFT since 1999 2.5% 12
FI 1994–2009 38.2% 33
FI since 2013 14.0% 6
FdI since 2013 2.0% 16
FUQ 1946–1948 5.3% 6
FLI 1945–2014 5.2% 3
ID 1999–2001 7.7% 5
G 2001–2001 2.2% 5
Giras 2001–2001 2.2% 4
IPdL 2009–2013 37.2% 19
IEI 2017–2018 0.6% 3
IBC 2012–2013 29.5% 2
IV since 2019 4.0% 4
LD 2007–2017 2.4% 3
TSIPRAS since 2014 4.0% 2
LR 1991–1994 1.9% 11
LAM since 1992 0.2% 3
LN since 1989 10.1% 38
Liberali 1895–1921 33.4% 3
LeU since 2017 3.4% 4
LL since 1984 0.5% 9
LV 1979–1992 0.8% 6
LB 1996–2001 2.2% 7
IdV since 2001 4.5% 24
LP 1992–2001 3.5% 6
TL 1979–2010 0.2% 3
Ulivo 1995–2007 43.1% 17
LU 2004–2008 49.8% 8
PdUP 1976–1979 1.4% 8
MS since 2009 25.6% 21
MpA since 2005 1.1% 11
MRE 2001–2006 1.6% 2
MSI 1948–1992 8.7% 25
NCD 2013–2017 4.4% 6
NPSI 2001–2006 1.0% 13
PCI 1921–1991 34.4% 20
PAz 1942–1946 1.4% 4
PC 1919–1921 5.4% 2
PdCI 2001–2014 2.2% 23
PRC since 1992 8.6% 29
PD since 2007 34.0% 30
PDC 1913–1919 5.5% 4
PDS 1991–1998 16.1% 15
PDL 1944–1946 0.2% 5
PDIUM 1959–1968 1.8% 3
PDSI 1919–1926 10.9% 3
PE 1919–1924 1.5% 2
PLD 1919–1926 15.9% 3
PLI 1922–1994 7.0% 24
PMP 1958–1958 2.6% 5
PNF 1921–1943 60.1% 9
PNM 1946–1958 6.9% 9
PNP 1983–1983 1.4% 2
PP since 1987 1.2% 6
PPI 1919–1926 20.7% 6
PPI 1994–2001 15.7% 15
PRI 1904–1922 2.5% 10
PRI since 1895 6.2% 25
PSA since 1921 0.4% 6
PSDI 1947–1998 7.1% 25
PSUP 1968–1972 4.5% 8
PSI 1892–1994 20.7% 30
PSRI 1912–1924 3.9% 4
PSU 1966–1968 14.5% 7
PSU 1922–1930 5.9% 3
PI 1994–1994 4.7% 4
PS 1994–1999 2.3% 7
E since 2017 2.8% 5
PdL 1994–1995 22.8% 9
LDP 1994–2010 0.3% 2
PL 1996–2001 42.1% 5
PpP 1996–1996 6.8% 3
PaP since 2017 1.1% 3
R 1976–1989 3.5% 18
RI since 2001 2.6% 2
RiI 1996–2002 4.3% 16
RC since 2013 2.2% 12
RnP since 2006 2.5% 8
SC since 2013 8.3% 16
DLeft 1877–1887 19.7% 2
SEL 2009–2016 3.2% 4
SI since 2009 3.2% 14
Left 1849–1913 64.3% 4
SDI 1999–2006 1.1% 11
SI 1994–1998 2
SVP since 1948 0.6% 16
UDC since 2002 6.8% 12
UDR 1996–1999 4.9% 3
UdCe 1993–1998 0.6% 6
UDN 1946–1946 6.8% 3
UDEUR 1999–2006 1.4% 12
UdC since 2008 6.8% 13
UECI 1906–1919 4.2% 3
UL 1913–1922 47.6% 3
UV 1958–2004 0.1% 6
VdA since 1992 0.2% 3
VA 1989–1989 2.4% 2
ally 18
tech 2
perc 40
unknown 0
indep 7
etc 3

Datasets

  • Manifesto Project
  • ·
  • ParlGov
  • ·
  • Wikipedia
  • ·
  • CHES
  • ·
  • CLEA
  • ·
  • EJPR PDY
  • ·
  • V-Party
  • ·
  • CHISOLS
  • ·
  • DPI
  • ·
  • ESS prtc*
  • ·
  • ESS prtv*
  • ·
  • Huber / Inglehart (1995)
  • ·
  • Kitschelt (2013)
  • ·
  • PolCon
  • ·
  • PPMD (2006)
  • ·
  • CCS
  • ·
  • CSES-IMD
  • ·
  • Elections Global
  • ·
  • EPAC (2018)
  • ·
  • EP roll call votes
  • ·
  • ERDDA (2013)
  • ·
  • euandi (GPS)
  • ·
  • Global Elections DB
  • ·
  • GPS 2019
  • ·
  • IPOD
  • ·
  • Jennings / Wlezien
  • ·
  • KUREP (2012)
  • ·
  • Laver / Hunt
  • ·
  • Mackie / Rose (1991)
  • ·
  • MAPP
  • ·
  • Morgan (1976)
  • ·
  • Mudde (2007)
  • ·
  • PIP
  • ·
  • POPPA
  • ·
  • PPDB (2017)
  • ·
  • PPMD (all)
  • ·
  • Ray (1999)
  • ·
  • TAP
  • ·
  • The PopuList
  • ·
  • EES 2014
  • ·
  • Thomas (1975)