Name Parties Progress Actions
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium 13
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina 19
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria 9
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia 16
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia 7
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland 9
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France 12
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy 19
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kosovo 21
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia 14
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania 9
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Macedonia 9
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova 6
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro 13
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland 8
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania 10
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia 18
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia 10
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain 19
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Turkey 4
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine 14
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom 15


expert survey // ideology (Europe, early 2010s)

expert survey ethno-nationalism

all dataset (all) — datasets linked through Party Facts

first imported on 29 October 2014 and last updated on 29 April 2024


Szรถcsik, Edina, and Christina Zuber. 2015. โ€œEPAC: A New Dataset on Ethnonationalism in Party Competition in 22 European Democracies.โ€ Party Politics 21(1): 153โ€“60.

Zuber, Christina Isabel, and Edina Szรถcsik. 2018. โ€œThe Second Edition of the EPAC Expert Survey on Ethnonationalism in Party Competition โ€“ Testing for Validity and Reliability.โ€ Regional & Federal Studies. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/13597566.2018.1512975.

Import "readme.txt"



Szรถcsik, E., & Zuber, C. I. (2015). EPAC โ€“ a new dataset on ethnonationalism in party competition in 22 European democracies. Party Politics, 21(1), 153-160.

Zuber, C. I., & Szรถcsik, E. (2019). The second edition of the EPAC expert survey on ethnonationalism in party competition โ€“ testing for validity and reliability. Regional & Federal Studies, 29(1), 91โ€“113.


'epac 2011-17 summary.csv' used for import