# Name Years Size # Links
# since 2009 1.9% 18
AB 1904–1926 13.1% 7
AOVVSP 1993–2002 3.6% 12
ARP 1946–1977 16.4% 21
DENK since 2017 2.1% 9
Bp 1959–1977 4.8% 9
BVL 1906–1920 3.8% 9
CD 1989–1998 2.5% 17
CP 1980–1994 0.8% 6
CHU 1908–1980 10.9% 20
CDA since 1980 35.3% 44
CDU 1926–1946 2.1% 4
CU since 2000 4.0% 26
CU SGP since 1984 8.7% 2
CPN 1909–1991 10.6% 21
C 1851–1891 39.7% 3
Groen 1983–1994 2.5% 3
D since 1966 15.5% 45
DS 1970–1981 5.3% 17
EB 1917–1921 3.1% 3
ET 2004–2004 7.3% 3
EVP 1981–1991 1.0% 6
FvD since 2017 1.8% 11
GPV 1948–1999 1.8% 23
GL since 1989 7.3% 37
HGS 1921–1937 1.1% 3
KNP 1948–1952 2.7% 5
KVP 1945–1980 31.9% 18
LN 1999–2002 1.6% 11
LSPVB 1921–1948 9.3% 11
LU 1888–1921 6.2% 8
LPF 2002–2004 17.0% 29
MSL 1929–1933 1.2% 3
NSB 1931–1945 4.2% 5
NMP 1970–1971 1.5% 6
PSP 1957–1989 3.0% 15
PvdA since 1946 33.8% 44
PvdD since 2002 1.9% 25
PVV since 2006 15.4% 33
PNBTM 1918–1937 2.0% 3
PPR 1971–1989 4.8% 18
RaBo 1892–1901 3.6% 3
RPF 1977–1999 2.0% 22
RSP 1929–1940 1.3% 4
RSKP 1926–1945 27.9% 7
RKVP 1922–1937 30.0% 4
RKPN 1972–1977 0.9% 3
SDAP 1894–1946 23.8% 10
SDP 1918–1918 2.3% 3
SP since 1971 16.6% 39
SGP since 1918 2.5% 32
TOP since 2007 6
U 1992–1998 0.9% 6
VVD since 1948 26.6% 47
VN since 2018 1.9% 2
VAR 1890–1903 4.8% 2
VDB 1901–1946 6.2% 10
ally 1
tech 1
perc 12
unknown 1
indep 3
etc 5

Datasets

  • Manifesto Project
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  • ParlGov
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  • Wikipedia
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  • CHES
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  • CLEA
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  • EJPR PDY
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  • V-Party
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  • CHISOLS
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  • DPI
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  • ESS prtc*
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  • ESS prtv*
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  • Huber / Inglehart (1995)
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  • Kitschelt (2013)
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  • PolCon
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  • PPMD (2006)
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  • World Values Survey
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  • CCS
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  • CSES-IMD
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  • Elections Global
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  • EP roll call votes
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  • ERDDA (2013)
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  • euandi (GPS)
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  • Global Elections DB
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  • GPS 2019
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  • IPOD
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  • Janda (1980)
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  • Jennings / Wlezien
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  • KUREP (2012)
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  • Laver / Hunt
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  • Mackie / Rose (1991)
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  • MAPP
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  • Morgan (1976)
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  • Mudde (2007)
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  • ParlSpeech
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  • PIP
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  • POPPA
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  • PPDB (2017)
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  • PPMD (all)
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  • Ray (1999)
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  • TAP
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  • The PopuList
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  • EES 2014