# Name Years Size # Links
TAK 1918–1922 5.0% 2
KRE 1919–1931 7.5% 4
KMU 1991–2002 32.2% 8
EKP 1920–1990 92.8% 3
CPSU 1912–1991 37.4% 3
EKRE since 2012 8.1% 16
KEUR 1994–2008 6.1% 15
E since 2018 4.4% 3
ESE since 1994 1.6% 4
EK since 1995 26.1% 32
EKD since 1990 2.4% 9
EKo 1992–1995 6.9% 10
EKK 1991–2002 7.6% 15
EME 1994–1999 7.3% 8
EEE 1992–1992 2.4% 3
ETRE 1995–1995 1.5% 1
EER since 2006 7.1% 22
EER 1991–1998 2.6% 4
EISTP 1919–1924 11.0% 3
ETE 1919–1931 40.0% 5
EVP 1992–1995 2.3% 2
ERSP 1992–1995 8.8% 15
EPE 2001–2007 1
EPL 1992–1992 3.7% 1
ER 1919–1932 10.0% 8
ERDE 1900–1919 23.0% 2
ERSP 1917–1919 17.7% 2
ER since 1994 28.6% 31
ESDTP 1990–2008 17.1% 7
ESDTP 1905–1925 14.5% 3
ESRP 1905–1919 12.9% 3
ESTP 1925–1935 25.0% 8
EV since 2014 8.7% 15
TEE 1993–1995 2.6% 4
DbPE 1918–1934 2.5% 2
SK 1989–1992 7.1% 8
JCWC 1990–1990 23.8% 2
LP 1923–1932 2.4% 1
V 1992–1992 2.2% 1
PTK 1918–1935 5.2% 0
RKE 1931–1938 23.0% 7
RKI 1992–1995 22.0% 6
PER 1938–1940 57.4% 2
MKE 1995–1995 5.9% 5
I 1935–1940 100.0% 3
ERL 2000–2012 13.0% 24
R 1988–1993 12.2% 8
EREEDE 1905–1919 20.8% 4
I 1995–2004 16.1% 23
ELE since 2018 1.2% 2
P 1995–1995 5.0% 8
MLPK 1917–1935 21.0% 7
VEE 1920–2012 2.0% 13
AP 1923–1935 13.5% 7
SDEM since 1992 17.1% 33
STP 1917–1919 17.7% 2
UVERP 2001–2006 24.6% 18
PK 1992–1999 2.9% 4
IRL since 2006 20.5% 26
TUV 1918–1926 10.0% 1
ally 6
tech 1
perc 16
unknown 0
indep 6
etc 4

Datasets

  • Manifesto Project
  • ·
  • ParlGov
  • ·
  • Wikipedia
  • ·
  • CHES
  • ·
  • CLEA
  • ·
  • EJPR PDY
  • ·
  • CHISOLS
  • ·
  • DPI
  • ·
  • ESS prtc*
  • ·
  • ESS prtv*
  • ·
  • Huber / Inglehart (1995)
  • ·
  • Kitschelt (2013)
  • ·
  • PolCon
  • ·
  • PPMD (2006)
  • ·
  • World Values Survey
  • ·
  • CCS
  • ·
  • CSES
  • ·
  • EPAC (2018)
  • ·
  • ERDDA (2013)
  • ·
  • euandi (GPS)
  • ·
  • Global Elections DB
  • ·
  • KUREP (2012)
  • ·
  • MAPP
  • ·
  • Mudde (2007)
  • ·
  • PIP
  • ·
  • POPPA
  • ·
  • TAP
  • ·
  • The PopuList
  • ·
  • EES 2014