# Name Years Size # Links
APR 1993–2008 8.0% 11
SR since 2006 13.5% 13
IBIR 1995–1995 1.1% 1
CR since 2012 3.8% 3
DPR 1990–2008 5.5% 8
DVR 1993–1995 15.5% 6
DVR OD 1995–1995 3.9% 2
GS 1992–1995 2.0% 1
GKP 1906–1918 0
GPr 1906–1918 9.8% 3
KPRF since 1993 24.8% 20
KPSS 1912–1991 100.0% 12
KRO 1990–2007 4.4% 3
KD 1905–1917 37.4% 3
LDPR since 1991 22.9% 24
NDR 1995–1999 10.3% 8
N 1907–1912 19.1% 2
OVR 1999–2002 13.6% 10
PRES 1993–1993 6.7% 4
PoG since 2009 1.2% 4
PVR 2000–2008 1.9% 2
PPR 1906–1907 7.7% 3
PR 2005–2021 1.0% 3
PP 1906–1917 12.6% 3
RPRPNS since 1990 1.6% 6
Rodina 2003–2006 9.2% 14
REPZ since 1992 1.4% 4
RDDR 1993–1993 4.1% 1
Yabloko since 1993 7.9% 18
RPPSS 1997–2006 2.0% 5
GS since 2002 1.1% 1
SRP 1900–1921 7.1% 3
SPS 1999–2008 8.7% 17
Trudoviks 1906–1917 20.3% 3
USRP 1917–1919 12.7% 3
UO 1905–1917 30.3% 3
VN 1995–1995 1.6% 2
VR 1995–1995 2.0% 2
YR since 2001 65.0% 20
Y 1999–2001 23.8% 11
ZR 1993–1995 8.1% 6
ally 4
tech 3
perc 20
unknown 9
indep 4
etc 2

Datasets

  • Manifesto Project
  • ·
  • Wikipedia
  • ·
  • CLEA
  • ·
  • V-Party
  • ·
  • CHISOLS
  • ·
  • DPI
  • ·
  • ESS prtc*
  • ·
  • ESS prtv*
  • ·
  • Huber / Inglehart (1995)
  • ·
  • Kitschelt (2013)
  • ·
  • PolCon
  • ·
  • PPMD (2006)
  • ·
  • World Values Survey
  • ·
  • CSES-IMD
  • ·
  • Elections Global
  • ·
  • Global Elections DB
  • ·
  • GPS 2019
  • ·
  • Janda (1980)
  • ·
  • KUREP (2012)
  • ·
  • Mudde (2007)
  • ·
  • PPMD (all)
  • ·
  • Thomas (1975)