# Name Years Size # Links
PAL 1945–1958 7.8% 5
A 1989–2015 36.2% 7
A since 2014 1.0% 2
AP 1925–1929 1.5% 1
PSA 1945–1949 5.6% 4
MAS 2008–2018 3.5% 2
PDC since 1957 26.0% 18
IC 1971–2018 0.2% 1
PC 2015–2019 1.5% 1
C since 2013 2.7% 2
CC 2009–2013 45.2% 4
C 1988–2013 44.3% 9
PC since 1922 16.6% 16
PCon 1836–1948 23.6% 8
PDem 1887–1941 7.7% 5
PD 1932–1960 5.0% 7
DR since 2012 5.7% 3
PI since 2009 1.1% 2
GEP since 2008 2.1% 2
PH since 1984 3.4% 10
IYWICC 2013–2017 5.4% 4
UDI since 1983 9.4% 16
PILD 1885–1933 1.6% 0
PRI 2006–2018 4.0% 5
PLab 1941–1957 2.4% 1
AL 1891–1925 0
PLD 1892–1933 8.5% 6
PL 1849–1966 7.5% 9
PLA 1920–1929 12.2% 4
PLC since 2013 1.7% 2
PLU 1920–1930 8.8% 2
PNC 1953–1957 2.7% 1
PADENA 1960–1999 7.1% 5
FN 1935–1957 4.0% 5
MONAP 1953–1957 2.4% 1
PN 1963–1994 21.5% 6
PNMVP 1857–1933 11.0% 3
RN since 1987 17.3% 20
UNI 1953–1957 5.1% 3
NM 2013–2017 47.7% 3
PPD since 1987 11.4% 18
EP since 2012 4.1% 3
ALP 1941–1945 1.4% 2
PSP 1948–1957 6.2% 4
MAPU 1969–1994 2.5% 2
PLP 1945–1949 2.7% 2
PRO 2010–2017 3.8% 2
DR 1949–1983 5.0% 4
PRD 1948–1973 2.3% 1
PR 1863–1994 20.3% 10
PCSC 1948–1957 21.1% 1
PRSD since 1994 5.1% 12
FRVS since 2017 1.6% 2
PS since 1933 11.9% 23
PRS 1931–1941 5.5% 4
PODEMOS since 2003 7.4% 4
PCT 1948–1953 10.1% 3
UCC 1989–2002 15.1% 4
PCU 1953–1966 5.3% 4
PLU 1930–1933 5.6% 0
ally 6
tech 0
perc 2
unknown 0
indep 4
etc 3

Datasets

  • Manifesto Project
  • ·
  • Wikipedia
  • ·
  • CLEA
  • ·
  • CHISOLS
  • ·
  • DPI
  • ·
  • Huber / Inglehart (1995)
  • ·
  • Kitschelt (2013)
  • ·
  • PolCon
  • ·
  • World Values Survey
  • ·
  • CCS
  • ·
  • Coppedge (1997)
  • ·
  • CSES
  • ·
  • LAEDA
  • ·
  • Latinobarometer
  • ·
  • PPLA (2009)