# Years Size # Links
APU 1990–1996 17.6% 3
BA 1998–2004 40.2% 2
BN since 1973 47.4% 13
SF 1957–1966 16.1% 4
GR 1990–1996 19.9% 2
MIC since 1946 2.6% 3
PR 2008–2015 50.9% 3
PANPPPM since 1978 5.4% 2
PBDS 1983–2004 2.8% 2
BERJAYA 1976–1991 5.8% 2
PBS since 1985 2.3% 3
LPM 1952–1972 5.8% 2
UDP 1962–1967 5.7% 2
PDP since 2002 1.8% 1
PGRM since 1968 7.5% 5
HAMIM 1983–1996 0.6% 1
PAS since 1951 14.8% 14
PEKEMAS 1972–1982 5.0% 4
Keadilan since 1949 20.4% 9
SNAP 1961–2013 5.6% 4
LDP since 1989 0.5% 1
S 1989–1996 14.8% 5
PN 1954–1962 7.9% 3
PP 1952–1973 81.7% 6
PBB since 1973 5.2% 4
PPS 1962–1973 1.3% 0
PPBM since 2016 6.0% 3
PPP 1953–2019 6.3% 5
SAPP since 1994 1.0% 1
SUPP since 1959 12.4% 5
PRM since 1955 1.9% 2
PRS since 2004 2.7% 2
DAP since 1965 15.7% 9
WARISAN since 2016 2.3% 2
MCA since 1949 15.6% 6
SCA 1962–1973 1.4% 2
UMNO since 1946 35.7% 9
UPKO since 1994 1.6% 1
USNO 1961–1996 9.0% 2
ally 3
tech 0
perc 1
unknown 1
indep 3
etc 1

Datasets

  • Wikipedia
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  • CLEA
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  • V-Party
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  • CHISOLS
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  • DPI
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  • Kitschelt (2013)
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  • PolCon
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  • World Values Survey
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  • Elections Global
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  • Global Elections DB
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  • GPS 2019
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  • Janda (1980)
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  • Leaders Global